Instructions for Authors

Since manuscripts submitted by authors will be reproduced directly from authors' hard copy, authors are responsible for the typography and the formal appearance of the contribution. To ensure reasonable quality and consistency of preparation, it is important that authors adhere closely to the instructions. Any manuscript submitted in technically unsuitable form will be returned to the author for retyping. Authors can use LaTeX as well as Word, because we do not want impose only one word processor. We should emphasize that the proceedings will be printed directly from hardcopies provided by the authors.

Download a sample paper demo.pdf

Print Area
Please always print to edges of the print area, i.e. use the full height and the full width of the print area. The most important thing is not to exceed correct typing area of 117 mm x 189 mm. Please do not add page numbers and header or footer, instead number pages with lead pencil on the reverse side, starting from 1.

Entering the text

Contribution title
Begin the contribution title in the top left-hand corner of the print area. Please make sensible, logical line breaks in long titles and do not stretch them to the right margin. After the title leave 10 mm and type the names and addresses of the authors. The actual text begins 50 mm below the top of the print area.
Text Headings
Please assign decimal numbers to headings, but to no more than 3 levels. Leave 50% more spacing above a displayed heading than below it.
Do not indent the first paragraph following a heading. Second and subsequent are intended by 3 mm.
Emphasis and Special Symbols
Please use italic type to emphasize individual words or phrases in running text.
Please paste all figures into the text (if printed separately). For line drawings paste either the original or a good copy into the text. For photographs and half-tone illustrations, paste in good high-contrast prints. Do not tape over figures. The figures should be numbered and the legends set in 9-point type with single-line spacing, with 1 blank line between legend and figure. Two blank lines should be left above/below a figure/legend and the text.
Tables should have the heading and text in 9-point type and lines above and below the columns heads and below the table. Two blank lines should be left above and/or below a table/heading and the text.
If footnotes are used, they should be placed at the foot of the page. Footnotes should be separated from the text by a blank line and a printed line of length 35 mm. They should be printed in 9-point roman in single line spacing to finish exactly on the edge of the print area.
References should be listed at the end of the contribution, with single line spacing and no extra spacing between citations. Each citation should begin on a new line, and second and subsequent lines of a citation should be on the same page, intended by 3 mm. The reference list should be alphabetical. References should be cited in the text by reference numbers in square brackets, e.g. [3, 7, 12].

LaTeX users
LaTeX2e stylefiles for multi-author books and proceedings can be downloaded from Springer ftp server Please use the following readme LaTeXMultiAuthor.PDF file instead of one from above location.

Word users
Authors are kindly asked to use the template, supporting Winword 7 (Win 95), 97, 2000, and Word for Macintosh and download files:

- Instructions for Using the Author Template readme-crproc-e.pdf

- Book Layout on the PC (Instructions for Authors and Editors) crau-engl-instruct.pdf

Final Steps
If a figure, a table, or an extended piece of text has been taken from another publication then please obtain the permission of the copyright holder and cite the source in the figure legend, in the table heading, or following the piece of text.
Page numbering
Please number the pages of your contribution with a lead pencil on the reverse side, starting from number 1.
Please mail your paper to the conference office in a strong envelope to ensure that the pages will not be damaged in transit.
Please ensure that the proceedings editor can contact you easily and that you can prepare a revised version of your paper quickly if necessary.